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第113回

フレデリック・ローグラン,アントワン・ローグラン
The Power of Playing and Killing: 
Transfer of Knowledge among Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic and in the Philippines


【日時】 2018年7月26日(木)15時~19時(終了後に懇親会を予定)
【場所】東京大学駒場キャンパス14号館407教室

【登壇者】
  • Frédéric Laugrand(ラヴァル大学 教授)
  • Antoine Laugrand
  • コメンテーター:箭内匡(東京大学 教授)

【スケジュール】
  • 15:00~ 15:10  オープニング
  • 15:10~ 15:50 フレデリック・ローグラン Frédéric Laugrand
    The transfer of knowledge. Experiences with Inuit of Canada and three Indigenous groups from the Philippines
  • 15: 50~ 17:00 フレデリック・ローグラン,アントワン・ローグラン Frédéric Laugrand and Antoine Laugrand 
    Pigs, smoke and blood for the ancestors: a death ritual among the Ibaloi of Tocmo (Philippines)
    (民族誌映像上映含む)
  • 17: 10~ 17:50  アントワン・ローグラン Antoine Laugrand 
    Blaan horsefighting in Mindanao (Philippines): who is playing?
  • 17: 50~18:10 箭内匡 コメント
  • 18: 10~19:00 ディスカッション


【発表要旨】
Frédéric Laugrand
The transfer of knowledge. Experiences with Inuit of Canada and three Indigenous groups from the Philippines
In this introduction, I will present some key elements from an ethnographical approach I developed with my colleague Jarich Oosten, both in the Canadian Arctic and in the Philippines. I will also provide some illustrations with a short extract of a film recorded in Arviat (Nunavut)

Frédéric Laugrand and Antoine Laugrand
Pigs, smoke and blood for the ancestors: a death ritual among the Ibaloi of Tocmo (Philippines)
The Ibaloi, an Indigenous group that belongs to the Igorots of the cordillera (Philippines) were exposed to Christianity for many years. Yet, they have kept many of their traditions. In 2012, the community of the Sabkil-Tocmo invited us to organise a workshop on the transfer of knowledge. Twice in 2017 and in 2018, we organised additional workshops and in 2017, with the collaboration of Jazil Tamang and Gliseria Magapin, two Ibaloi, we recorded and edited the batbat, a thanksgiving ritual. In the following presentation, we will present a small extract of the film and discuss it. We will focus on the objects, the gestures and the symbolism of this death ritual, in which the pigs killing play a major role. 

Antoine Laugrand
Blaan horsefighting in Mindanao (Philippines): who is playing?
A fighting area, humans, two stallions and a mare, that’s all you need prima facie to have a horse fight. Bets, rules and spectacular competition make of this event an equine game appreciated by the Blaans of Mindanao (Philippines). In this paper I will explore the different types of play at work in this confrontation. While the stallions are fighting for the mare which constitutes their stake, the owners of the stallions play an invisible game, fighting through imò -secret recipes which serve to make their horses win. As for the bettors, they judge of the stallions’ reputation as of the owners’. These relationships are here discussed on the model of several triads which allow to question the tensions, as well as the human and animal perspectives, the analysis being supported by audiovisual material.
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